I. Basic wire bending exercises Gauge 22 or 0.7mm

1. Straightening of wires (4 Nos.)

2. Bending of a equilateral triangle

3. Bending of a rectangle

4. Bending of a square

5. Bending of a circle

6. Bending of U.V.

II. Construction of Clasps (Both sides upper/lower) Gauge 22 or 0.7mm

1. 3/4 Clasp (C-Clasp)

2. Full Clasp (Jackson’s Crib)

3. Adam’s Clasp

4. Triangular Clasp

III. Construction of Springs (on upper both sides) Gauge 24 or 0.5mm

1. Finger Spring

2. Single Cantelever Spring

3. Double Cantelever Spring (Z-Spring)

4. T-Springs on premolars

IV. Construction of Canine retractors Gauge 23 or 0.6mm

1. U – Loop canine retractor

(Both sides on upper & lower)

2. Helical canine retractor

(Both sides on upper & lower)

3. Buccal canine retractor:

– Self supported buccal canine retractor


a) Sleeve – 5mm wire or 24 gauge

b) Sleeve – 19 gauge needle on any one side.

4. Palatal canine retractor on upper both sides

Gauge 23 or 0.6mm

V. Labial Bow

Gauge 22 or 0.7mm

One on both upper and lower

1. Adam’s Clasp on Anterior teeth Gauge 0.7mm

2. Modified Adam’s Clasp on upper arch Gauge 0.7mm

3. High Labial bow with Apron spring on upper arch

(Gauge of Labial bow – 0.9mm, Apron spring – 0.3mm)

4. Coffin spring on upper arch Gauge 1mm

Appliance Construction in Acrylic

1. Upper & Lower Hawley’s Appliance

2. Upper Hawley’s with Anterior bite plane

3. Upper Habit breaking Appliance

4. Upper Hawley’s with Posterior bite plane with `Z’ Spring

5. Construction of Activator

6. Lower inclined plane/Catalan’s Appliance

7. Upper Expansion plate with Expansion Screw

8.Twinblock construction.

9.Invisible retainers fabrication.

10.Tongue spike appliance

11.Trans palatal arch making and soldering to molar bands.

12.Oral screen fabrication.

13.lower lingual arch making

14.Rapid maxillary expander soldering

15.welding exercises

       A. Molar bands making

       B. Buccal tubes welding

       C. Distal end shoe appliance

16.soldering exercises.

Clinical training will include:

  • Placing and removing orthodontic separators.
  • Sizing, fitting, and cementing orthodontic bands.
  • Preparing teeth for bonding orthodontic brackets.
  • Selecting and placing orthodontic bracket on teeth.
  • Curing orthodontic brackets after the dentist/orthodontist positions the bracket.
  • Placing archwires properly.
  • Ligating archwires and placing ligature ties
  • Removing orthodontic brackets, bands, and attachments.
  • Removing bonding material using a scaler and/or adhesive-removing pliers under the direct supervision of licensed dentist/orthodontist.
  • Removing excess cement from supra gingival surfaces of teeth with a hand instrument or ultrasonic scaler.
  • Giving patient instructions and learning patient management skills.
  • Understanding orthodontic charts and communicating well with the orthodontist.